Telesurgery allows initial teaching of surgery through its implication of the medical student in the operation ("he sees the same picture as does the operating surgeon") as well as permanent education of accomplished surgeons (through the distant on-line transmission of exceptional or difficult procedures). Evolution of today's surgical techniques is fast, and the inkoduction of tale-learning, be it initial or in the form of permanent training, will accelerate this tendency, asking the teachers and trainers to stay much more informed and up to date than before.
The surgeon wants at any time to optimise the procedures he undertakes on his patients. To allow for this, he needs more information. Today, he gets this information on-line by asking a reference surgeon for advice by phone, off-line by medical publications and congresses.
The innovation of the TESUS 1 project is threefold:
Provide the surgeon with on-line, direct, live
These developments will constitute major improvements in the way teaching and training of laparoscopic surgery is undertaken. This still requires validation by the University Hospitals between themselves to sanction the generation of standardised approaches.
For any University Hospital named in this proposal, at least four Clinical Centres wish the creation of a link to this effect.